Asbestos and Lead Testing Greenville

Asbestos

WHERE IS ASBESTOS FOUND IN THE GREENVILLE AREA?

Asbestos is found in a variety of construction materials and manufactured goods. Resistant to heat, fire, damage by chemicals and affordability made it particularly attractive in commercial, residential, and industrial construction.
Where asbestos may be found:
  • Attics, wall board, plasters and wall insulation
  • Vinyl floor tiles and the backing on vinyl sheet flooring and adhesives
  • Roofing and siding shingles
  • Textured paint and patching compounds used on wall and ceilings
  • Walls and floors around wood-burning stoves protected with asbestos paper, millboard, or cement sheets
  • Hot water and steam pipes coated with asbestos material or covered with an asbestos blanket or tape
  • Oil and coal furnaces and door gaskets with asbestos insulation
  • Heat-resistant fabrics

HOW CAN I BE EXPOSED TO ASBESTOS?

During demolition, remodeling or through deterioration of a home or building, asbestos fibers can be released into the air and inhaled. Asbestos was used extensively in homes and buildings constructed between the 1940s and 1970s.

HOW WE DETECT ASBESTOS

Here at Pinnacle, we use the most advanced techniques to detect asbestos. We employ multiple techniques such as Phase Contrast Microscopy (PCM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) to identify asbestos down to a tenth of a micrometer. Using the same methods as the EPA, we are able to deliver precise results, giving you peace of mind and confidence in your test.

HEALTH EFFECTS OF EXPOSURE TO ASBESTOS

Symptoms of the health effects from exposure to asbestos can take years to appear. Respiratory and lung ailments are the most common effects from exposure. The greater the exposure to asbestos the greater the chances of harmful health effects.
It greatly increases your risk for lung disease, which can be further aggravated by smoking. The lung disease caused by asbestos is called Mesothelioma which is a cancer inside the lining of the lungs, chest, abdomen and heart.
Asbestos exposure can be difficult to diagnose. Health care professionals will use several tools to identify the possibility of asbestos exposure. Medical history, detailed work history and culture history can help ellicit asbestos exposure. To help make the diagnosis, the medical provider will likely order many tests including pulmonary function tests and chest x-rays. If lesions are discovered, a biopsy will likely be performed.

Three of the major health effects associated with asbestos exposure are:

  • lung cancer
  • mesothelioma, a rare form of cancer that is found in the thin lining of the lung, chest and the abdomen and heart
  • asbestosis, a progressive, long-term, non-cancer disease of the lungs

REGULATORY HISTORY OF ASBESTOS BANS

  • In 1973, EPA banned spray-applied surfacing asbestos-containing material for fireproofing/insulating purposes. See National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) at 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart M
  • In 1975, EPA banned installation of asbestos pipe insulation and asbestos block insulation on facility components, such as boilers and hot water tanks, if the materials are either pre-formed (molded) and friable or wet-applied and friable after drying. See National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) at 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart M
  • In 1978, EPA banned spray-applied surfacing materials for purposes not already banned. See National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) at 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart M
  • In 1977, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) banned the use of asbestos in artificial fireplace embers and wall patching compounds. (See 16 CFR Part 1305 and 16 CFR 1304)
  • In 1989, the EPA issued a final rule under Section 6 of Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) banning most asbestos-containing products. However, in 1991, this rule was vacated and remanded by the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. As a result, most of the original ban on the manufacture, importation, processing, or distribution in commerce for the majority of the asbestos-containing products originally covered in the 1989 final rule was overturned.
    See 40 CFR 763 Subpart I.
  • In 1990, EPA prohibited spray-on application of materials containing more than 1% asbestos to buildings, structures, pipes, and conduits unless certain conditions specified. See National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) at 40 CFR 61, Subpart M are met.